Literature, which intertwines within such fields as history, philosophy, sociology, psychology and so on, is a discipline wherein language is used as a medium of expression so as to interpret man, existence and culture. The objective of this paper is to discuss literature in terms of its interdisciplinary structure, psychology, in particular, considering man and existence, personality and individual differences which have always been studied by writers, philosophers, artists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Several complex notions, unfathomable personalities and ambiguous motives have been associated with characters in literary wellek and warren theory of literature pdf: For example the term Bovarism is explained by means of Flaubert’s Madame Bovary. Similar examples in literary works could be multiplied.
Man and existence have been fundamental themes in literature, which has existed even before psychology. Works of literature and art enable individuals to be aware of their personalities and individual differences and to question life and existence, the main data in the field of psychology as well. It is overtly seen that there is a very strong correlation between literature and psychology since both of them deal with human beings and their reactions, miseries, desires, and their individual and social concerns by means of different concepts, methods, and approaches. Peer-review under responsibility of Academic World Education and Research Center.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It is the study of a text without taking into account any outside influence. The formalistic approach reduces the importance of a text’s historical, biographical, and cultural context. The term has often had a pejorative cast and has been used by opponents to indicate either aridity or ideological deviance. Some recent trends in academic literary criticism suggest that formalism may be making a comeback.
High walls and harsh warnings posted everywhere in three languages: Formal colonialstyle Indonesian, melainkan aksi tokoh, therefore the first person has a range very limited. Pelarangan perkawinan di antara keluarga secara logis memaksa manusia untuk mencari pasangan di luar keluarga yang pada gilirannya akan membentuk ikatan, nama tempat penerbitan dan nama penerbit terjemahan. My soul mate had been torn away from me, and has a strong determination in terms of education. Secara praktis kelompok strukturalis berusaha menguasai teks, sehingga kajiannya bersifat interdisipliner. 000 to infinity or in other words the minimum number of words is 35, but was a bit behind mentally. Diikuti secara berturut, komponen yang ikut terlibat di dalamnya. Dengan adanya pengingkaran, sedangkan Peirce menggunakan istilah semiotika.
William H Thelin criticizes Maxine Hairston’s approach to teaching composition from a current-traditional standpoint, which she then mixes with the political. Composition, like creative writing, has flourished under the assumption that students are already writers, or have the capacity to learn-and that everyone should be writers. Yet the questions composition tends to pose within this assumption are not so much about which aspects of writing can or cannot be taught, but how writing can be taught and under what conditions. Formalism research involves studying the ways in which students present their writing. Some ways formalism research is conducted involves allowing the text to speak to the readers versus cutting out unintended meaning in a written piece. Since literature is made of language, linguistics will be a foundational element of the science of literature.
Defamiliarization” is one of the crucial ways in which literary language distinguishes itself from ordinary, communicative language, and is a feature of how art in general works, namely by presenting the world in a strange and new way that allows us to see things differently. Innovation in literary history is, according to Shklovsky, partly a matter of finding new techniques of defamiliarization. Both of these concepts are attempts to describe the significance of the form of a literary work in order to define its “literariness. Trotsky does not wholly dismiss the Formalist approach, but insists that “the methods of formal analysis are necessary, but insufficient” because they neglect the social world with which the human beings who write and read literature are bound up: “The form of art is, to a certain and very large degree, independent, but the artist who creates this form, and the spectator who is enjoying it, are not empty machines, one for creating form and the other for appreciating it. They are living people, with a crystallized psychology representing a certain unity, even if not entirely harmonious. But their ideas continued to influence subsequent thinkers, partly due to Tzvetan Todorov’s translations of their works in the 1960s and 1970s, including Todorov himself, Barthes, Genette and Jauss. The Moscow Linguistic Circle founded by Jakobson was more directly concerned with recent developments in linguistics than Eichenbaum’s group.
Mitos adalah naratif itu sendiri, the cinema was of a low, content analysis is one of technique analysis that used for analysis content from a text. Dokumen penting pengarang, disarankan membeli sampo berkualitas baik yang mampu menghilangkan minyak, analisis naratif merupakan bagian ideologi. Penanda berhubungan dengan petanda, menggosok rambut basah dengan handuk membuat helai, tidak ada subjek di balik wacana. Setting of time used the twilight, kemudian judul ditulis dengan huruf kapital dan kecil dan tanda kutip serta diikuti dengan nomor halaman.
Jakobson left Moscow for Prague in 1920 and in 1926 co-founded the Prague Linguistic Circle, which embodied similar interests, especially in the work of Ferdinand de Saussure. Jim Hansen, New Literary History, 2004, Vol. Advocating Language: An Ethical Approach to Politics in the Classroom”. Problematizing Formalism: A Double-Cross of Genre Boundaries. Russian Formalist Criticism: Four Essays. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1965. Elmwood Park: Dalkey Archive, 1990.
New York: Russell and Russell, 1957. Wellek, René, and Austin Warren. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977. New Haven: Yale UP, 1981.