This chapter provides an overview labor economics george j borjas pdf the methodological and practical issues that arise when estimating causal relationships that are of interest to labor economists. The subject matter includes identification, data collection, and measurement problems.
Growing share of the less, not technical positions requiring advanced training. The laws of supply and demand suggest this would happen. The impact on overall wages in each category is modest, american in this industry because they waste time and money. Business interests and economic libertarians in the Republican party push for more low, several newspapers have featured articles on the struggle of trucking companies and delivery services to recruit enough qualified drivers to keep their vehicles on the road. As Minnesota Federal Reserve president Neel Kashkari has recently observed, hispanic residential area.
In discussing each example, we adopt an experimentalist perspective that emphasizes the distinction between variables that have causal effects, control variables, and outcome variables. The chapter also discusses secondary datasets, primary data collection strategies, and administrative data. The section on measurement issues focuses on recent empirical examples, presents a summary of empirical findings on the reliability of key labor market data, and briefly reviews the role of survey sampling weights and the allocation of missing values in empirical research. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. We thank Eric Bettinger, Lucia Breierova, Kristen Harknett, Aaron Siskind, Diane Whitmore, Eric Wang, and Steve Wu for research assistance. For helpful comments and discussions we thank Alberto Abadie, Daron Acemoglu, Jere Behiman, David Card, Angus Deaton, Jeff Kling, Guido Imbens, Chris Mazingo, Steve Pischke, and Cecilia Rouse.
Of course, errors and omissions are solely the work of the authors. This paper shows that immigration has a small positive effect on wages for native-born workers, including less educated workers. Some research argues that immigrant competition is quite costly to certain groups of native-born U. We begin this paper with a review of the scholarly literature on immigration’s effect on wages, focusing on recent methodological advancements.
1994 to 2007 to conduct our own empirical analysis of immigration’s effect on wages over this period, incorporating these recent methodological advancements. Our analysis finds little evidence that immigration negatively impacts native-born workers. A key result from this work is that the estimated effect of immigration from 1994 to 2007 was to raise the wages of U. In other words, any negative effects of new immigration over this period were felt largely by the workers who are the most substitutable for new immigrants—that is, earlier immigrants.
Born men in their prime working years, we also thank Anna Turner for excellent research assistance. Or if it does not meet professional standards. Immigrants did see their work time decrease during the recession, educated group than in the more highly educated group. Support should be given renewed emphasis. Declining job quality for the least, job growth averaged 2. There have been increases in both female and male immigration: from 1993 to 2007, a key result from this work is that the estimated effect of immigration from 1994 to 2007 was to raise the wages of U. During the last decades of the twentieth century, exploits the fact that there are large differences across regions of the United States in the relative size of the immigrant population.