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Key concepts in geography pdf

The five-theme organizational approach was superseded by the Geography for Life standards published by the National Geographic Society United States Of America, a set of eighteen standards promulgated in 1994. However, the five themes continue to be used as an educational approach key concepts in geography pdf many educational outlets. Every point on Earth has a location. 140 miles north of New York City.

A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. Toponym: a place name, especially one derived from a topographical feature. Site: an area of ground on which a town, building, or monument is constructed. Situation: the location and surroundings of a place. Population: the number of people that live in the area. Dependency: Humans depend on the environment. Humans adapt to the environment.

Modification: Humans modify the environment. A person’s travel from place to place, and the actions they perform there are also considered movement. Example: Buses, Airplanes, Cars, and Boats. Regions are areas with distinctive characteristics: human characteristics, such as demographics or politics, and physical characteristics, such as climate and vegetation.

For example, the US is a political region because it shares one governmental system. This page was last edited on 19 January 2018, at 16:01. Advanced Placement logo – College Board. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analyses to analyze human social organization and its environmental consequences. They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice. The AP Human Geography Exam consists of two sections.

The sections are 60 and 75 minutes long, respectively. The curriculum consists of informational book-related homework, which often requires students to strive to learn information independently. The curriculum teaches about diffusion, human traits, religion, and population clusters. This page was last edited on 19 December 2017, at 17:55. What are Corrected Proof articles? 68 55 55 55 14.

18 45 45 0 12. Understandings of space as not an objective surface or container but rather a set of relations that are continually made and re-made have become well established within the social sciences, yet they remain noticeably absent in how energy demand research is understood and undertaken. This is, in part, because relevant vocabularies and methodologies remain minimally developed. This paper therefore establishes a conceptual approach, vocabulary and set of methodologies that offer new opportunities for understanding the spatial deployment of energy. In doing so, it works at the intersection of energy geographies and theories of practice, engaging in particular with the concepts of place, anchors and settings from Schatzki’s site ontology.

After introducing these concepts, the paper outlines how they can provide a more conceptually sophisticated understanding of the energy demand dynamics of a range of changing social practices. It then presents methodologies capable of foregrounding the relational spatialities of practice and energy demand. It argues that carefully working through how energy demand arises as a consequence of social practices, and how spatialities of practice matter for understanding energy service provisioning, helps in developing methodologies that push energy research into refreshingly unfamiliar explorations, analyses and strategies for addressing associated challenges. This lesson gives examples of how conflict has affected geography. How might conflict affect Geography? How did the WWI and the Treaty of Versailles affect the geography of Europe?

What other conflicts have had an impact on political boundaries? There are many ways in which conflict can have an influence on Geography. Conflict mainly impacts on human aspects of Geography although the impacts on the environment can also be identified. The effects of conflict on population in terms of structure and migration are clear with young men in particular being caught up in conflict directly and many conflicts triggering mass migrations of all sectors of the population. Whilst the level of development of a country is a result of many factors – health, education, wealth – it can also be impeded by conflict as services break down. The impact of conflict on development is covered in depth in lesson four, during which the impact of conflict on the development of Afghanistan is investigated. There are many impacts on the environment which occur during conflict, and many of these are due to the mass migrations which are a direct result.

For example, large refugee camps can become established which generate vast quantities of waste, water courses can become contaminated and disease is easily spread. In addition, the setting alight of oil rigs during the conflict in Iraq has led to air pollution which has had both a local and a more widespread effect on air quality. Agent Orange’ to strip the foliage from forested areas, meaning that opposition soldiers were unable to hide there. The use of the chemical exposed many people to harmful dioxins, which can cause cancer and genetic defects. Although the links between conflict and weather and climate are not obvious there are reports that the jet stream was put to deadly use by the Japanese in the Second World War as they used the fastest wind on earth to distribute bombs efficiently.

It has also been suggested that the Lynmouth floods of 1952 may have been partially a result of cloud seeding experiments by the RAF. The theory is that rain can be artificially created and then used to disrupt surveillance operations during conflict. Japanese use of the jet stream in conflict. One of the most important impacts of conflict on Geography is the altering of political boundaries to create new countries or regions which usually occurs after the conflict has ended and which frequently leads to further conflict as the decisions are disputed. WWI and the Treaty of Versailles created new countries by changing the political boundaries of Europe. The Treaty of Versailles is one such example, where political boundaries in Europe were redrawn as a result of the First World War. They held Germany responsible for World War I and its consequences and the treaty imposed a number of territorial, military and financial restrictions on the country.

The treaty was signed on June 28th 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, 20km south-west of Paris. As a result of the Treaty of Versailles a number of political boundaries were redrawn and it is estimated that Germany lost 13. 1914 territory – home to some 7 million people. It is argued that the controversial redistribution of territory incensed the German Nazis and contributed to the outbreak of World War II some 20 years later. How does conflict affect geography? It breaks geography down into six components. How do you think conflict might impact on each of them?