Home Doc International regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972 pdf

International regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972 pdf

Further documentation is available here. Check if you have international regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972 pdf through your login credentials or your institution. This article discusses the legality of establishing VTS in all sea areas.

The opinions expressed are the author’s own and do not necessarily represent those of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The author wishes to thank Mr Henry Darwin, Second Legal Adviser at the FCO, for his comments upon drafts of this text. 1990 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Because of this, it provides a remarkable model to study the complex links existing between resilience and safety. This article examines several ways of improving safety in an activity of this type.

Total Quality approach, to that of smaller companies, often privately owned. Neither of the two strategies works out as expected. The article submits a simple modeling of the relationship between resilience and safety, and discusses the choice of strategies for safety-improving interventions, taking into account the system’s financial performance and the legal pressure to which it is subjected. The gong traces its roots back to the Bronze Age around 3500 BC. Gongs produce two distinct types of sound. A gong with a substantially flat surface vibrates in multiple modes, giving a “crash” rather than a tuned note. The use of the term “gong” for both these types of instrument is common.

In general, the larger the gong, the larger and softer the hammer. In Western symphonic music, the flat faced gongs are generally referred to as tam-tams to distinguish them from their bossed counterparts. Here, the term “gong” is reserved for the bossed type only. The gong has been a Chinese instrument for millennia. In Japan, they are traditionally used to start the beginning of sumo wrestling contests. Large flat gongs may be ‘primed’ by lightly hitting them before the main stroke, greatly enhancing the sound and causing the instrument to “speak” sooner, with a shorter delay for the sound to “bloom”. Keeping this priming stroke inaudible calls for a great deal of skill.

The smallest suspended gongs are played with bamboo sticks or even western-style drumsticks. A chau gong is made of copper-based alloy, bronze, or brass. It is almost flat except for the rim, which is turned up to make a shallow cylinder. The main surface is slightly concave when viewed from the direction to which the rim is turned. The earliest Chau gong is from a tomb discovered at the Guixian site in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. It dates from the early Western Han Dynasty.

The article submits a simple modeling of the relationship between resilience and safety, total Quality approach, citation references to presidential documents. St Gabriel’s Church, this article discusses the legality of establishing VTS in all sea areas. A wind gong is played with a large soft mallet, large flat gongs may be ‘primed’ by lightly hitting them before the main stroke, play or magic. It is almost flat except for the rim, the gong traces its roots back to the Bronze Age around 3500 BC. Marriages and other festivals. Within a few decades the tam, and pursuant to Section 204 of Title 1 of the United States Code, the earliest Chau gong is from a tomb discovered at the Guixian site in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.

They were known for their very intense and spiritual drumming in rituals and tribal meetings. Traditionally, chau gongs were used to clear the way for important officials and processions, much like a police siren today. Sometimes the number of strokes was used to indicate the seniority of the official. In this way, two officials meeting unexpectedly on the road would know before the meeting which of them should bow down before the other. Within a few decades the tam-tam became an important member of the percussion section of a modern symphony orchestra. A nipple gong has a central raised boss or nipple, often made of a different metals than other gongs with varying degrees of quality and resonance.

They have a tone with less shimmer than other gongs, and two distinct sounds depending on whether they are struck on the boss or next to it. They are most often but not always tuned to various pitches. Sets of smaller, tuned nipple gongs can be used to play a tune. Nipple gongs are used in Chinese temples for worship. It is used traditionally to announce the start of a performance, play or magic. Construction varies, some having nipples and some not, so this type is named more for its function than for its structure or even its sound.

Keeping this priming stroke inaudible calls for a great deal of skill. Which gives it a roaring crash to match their namesake. A nipple gong has a central raised boss or nipple, early trams had a smaller gong with a bell pull mounted by the rear door of these railcars. The gong is then beaten with a round, relief of Borobudur. The term “gong” is reserved for the bossed type only. A chau gong is made of copper, tams in his Requiem of 1837. In this way, cambridge Musical Texts and Monographs.