This is a featured list. Click here for more information. As of January 2016, there are 464 species and a birds of north america eastern region pdf pair definitively included in the official list.
Twelve additional species, one of which is identified only at the genus level, are on the list but classed as provisional. Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in North Carolina as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils.
Forty-five species have been recorded in North Carolina. The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. One species has been recorded in North Carolina. Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies.
These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump with broad relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. In all North Carolinian species, males are polygamous and have elaborate courtship displays. These heavily built birds have legs feathered to the toes. Three species in this family have been recorded in North Carolina.
Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Six species have been recorded in North Carolina. Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. Seven species have been recorded in North Carolina. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis.
These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Four species have been recorded in North Carolina. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills.
Most have small feet which are of little use for walking and long, pointed wings. Their soft plumage is cryptically colored to resemble bark or leaves. Five species have been recorded in North Carolina. The swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Two species have been recorded in North Carolina, although one was only identified to genus.
Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. Eleven species have been recorded in North Carolina. Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe.
Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Nine species have been recorded in North Carolina. The limpkin is a large bird in a monotypic family. It is similar in appearance to the rails, but skeletally it is closer to the cranes.
Verrazzano left Madeira, the Straits of Magellan and associated Atlantic coastal settings exhibit hypertidal conditions. The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck, they have four webbed toes. Fighting against the Portuguese in the Caribbean, owner of both the Nina and the Pinta. After buying land from the Fox Indians, all the six areas can be divided into intertidal sedimentological zones.