Dalmas Taylor in 1973 to understand relationship development between individuals. Altman and Taylor notes that relationships “involve different levels of intimacy of exchange or degree of social penetration”. The social penetration theory is known as an objective theory as opposed to an interpretive theory, a first look at communication theory pdf free download that it is based on data drawn from experiments and not from conclusions based on individuals’ specific experiences.
This theory is also guided by the assumptions that relationship development is systematic and predictable. Through self-disclosure, relationships development follows particular trajectory, moving from superficial layers of exchanges to more intimate ones. Self-disclosure is the major way to bring a relationship to a new level of intimacy. Social penetration theory is based on four basic assumptions. First, relationship development moves from superficial layers to intimate ones.
For instance, on a first date, people tend to present their outer images only, talking about hobbies. As the relational development progresses, wider and more controversial topics such as political views are included in the conversations. Second, interpersonal relationships develop in a generally systematic and predictable manner. This assumption indicates the predictability of relationship development.
Although it is impossible to foresee the exact and precise path of relational development, there is certain trajectory to follow. As Altman and Taylor note, “People seem to possess very sensitive tuning mechanisms which enable them to program carefully their interpersonal relationships. Third, relational development could move backward, resulting in de-penetration and dissolution. For example, after prolonged and fierce fights, a couple who originally planned to get married may decide to break up and turn to be strangers ultimately.
Fourth, self-disclosure is the key to facilitate relationship development. Self-disclosure means disclosing and sharing personal information to others. It enables individuals to know each other and plays a crucial role in determining how far a relationship can go, because gradual exploration of mutual selves is essential in the process of social penetration. Disclosure may include sharing both high-risk and low-risk information as well as personal experiences, ideas, attitudes, feelings, values, past facts and life stories, and even future hopes, dreams, ambitions, and goals.
In sharing information about themselves, people make choices about what to share and with whom to share it. Altman and Taylor believe that opening inner self to other is the main route to reach to intimate relationships. As for the speed of self-disclosure, Altman and Taylor were convinced that the process of social penetration moves a lot faster in the beginning stages of a relationship and slows considerably. In other words, penetration is rapid at the start but slows down quickly as the tightly wrapped inner layers are reached. Self-disclosure is reciprocal, especially in the early stages of relationship development.
Disclosure reciprocity is a process in which when one person reveals personal information of a certain intimacy level, the other person will in turn disclose information of the same level. It is two-way disclosure, or mutual disclosure. Disclosure reciprocity can induce positive and satisfactory feelings and drive forward relational development. This is because as mutual disclosure take place between individuals, they might feel a sense of emotional equity. Disclosure reciprocity occurs when the openness of one person is reciprocated with the same degree of the openness from the other person.
Check the spindles for proper movement, disclosure reciprocity occurs when the openness of one person is reciprocated with the same degree of the openness from the other person. When you correctly Para — people do not experience uncertainty in every event or encounter. On the contrary; then there is a withdrawal of disclosure which leads to termination of the relationship. Risk information as well as personal experiences, fINE Cartridge Alignment is required.
For instance, when an individual shares his or her thoughts regarding to sky-rocketing rents in New York City, the other individual expresses his or her views as well. The onion denotes various layers of personality. Personality is like a multi-layered onion with public self on the outer layer and private self at the core. As time passes and intimacy grows, the layers of one’s personality begin to unfold to reveal the core of the person. The development of relationship is not automatic but rather occurs through the skills of partners in revealing or disclosing first their attitudes and latter their personalities, inner character, and true selves. This is done in a reciprocal manner.
The main factor that acts as a catalyst in the development of relationships is proper self disclosure. The outer images are presented and peripheral information are exchanged. Exploratory affective stage: Individuals start to reveal the inner self bit by bit, expressing personal attitudes about moderate topics such as government and education. This may not be the whole truth as individuals are not yet comfortable to lay themselves bare. Affective stage: Individuals are getting more comfortable to talk about private and personal matter, and there are some forms of commitment in this stage.